Pauses/Hesitations 2mins 55s.
Explain further Chris...
Address: The use of adressing is used, as Lance Armstrong talks in a very serious manner (formally) to Oprah, showing that he is in great thought and seriousness, as it is a very serious discussion: 1.20
Legitimization: The use of legitimization is used also, as Lance says he didnt try and stop the Culture, although he didnt create, which goes by the words "I didnt event the culture, but i didnt try and stop it either": 6.26
7:51 Lance Armstrong uses Digression to try to justify his action(legitimization) by talking about the east German doping programme in the 70s and 80s. This also makes it look as is his actions were not as serious .
Repetition is used by Lance throughout as he continues to say his actions were his own and also that he was not going to talk about anyone else. This can sometimes also be interpreted as digression as sometimes when he says this it is obviously him moving away from him talking about himself and instead he would rather talk about others.
3:08 Lance Armstrong uses Fillers in his speech such as the word "umm". This allows Lance enough time to think about how he is going to answer the question asked by Oprah.
4:52 + 6:23 Oprah uses good use of feedback. She says words such as "yes?" and "ummm?" which encourages Lance to continue ( Almost as if she wants him to tell her more )
5.12 fillers.. "umm" "ahh" etc
Time:6:40 720 Legitimation- Lance says that he didn't have any access to anything than no one else had access to.
Time :7:20 - Address - Lance says "Oprah it wasn't" to make the statement sound less harsh and to put emphasis on it .
3.22 to say 4minutes through he always pauses and has short gaps to break up his talk which is trying to make meaningful.
At 2:51 Lance begins to use fillers such as 'umm' to give him time to think on how he will answer the questions asked.
Oprah also uses good feedback, 'yes' and nodding her head to show she is listening so he will continue with his answer. 6:25
At 7:41/7:42 the use of Legitimization comes in as Lance says ‘I didn't have access to anything that nobody else had access to.’ This shows us that he was trying to back himself up.
At 5:13 Lance uses fillers such as ‘umm’ and ‘ahh’ so that he can have time to think about his response to Oprahs question.
Hedges:7:21 Lance uses Oprah's name to make the statement he was saying less direct.
Fillers:2:51 This is the beginning of Lance starting to use words such as 'um' after this point; Lance uses fillers throughout the whole interview to allow himself time to think of his answers.
Pauses/hesitations and Fillers: Lance Armstrong constantly uses words such as 'um', 'you know' or hand gesturers throughout his interview with Oprah. Lance uses this to his advantage as it gives him time to answer questions from Oprah. (2:57/5:14/9:05).
Emotive vocabulary: Oprah asks Lance Armstrong "do you think it was possible to win without doping?" In the middle of Lance's reply he says "I didn't invent the culture, but I didn't try to stop the culture, and that's my mistake, and that's what I have to be sorry for, and now the sport is paying the price because of it. So I am sorry for that. I didn't have access to anything else that nobody else did." Lance says this as a way of trying to redeem himself for what he has done in the sport of cycling. (6:12-6:46)
at 2.56 he starts using fillers such as 'umm' in the longer questions to allow himself time to think about everything he has said ,at 7.22 he address' her as oprah as well to try and make her feel sympathetic towards him
3:47 - Feedback is used as Oprah nods her head so Lance Armstrong knows she is listening. She also uses phrases such as 'right' so it encourages him to continue talking.
4:19 - A filler is used as Lance uses phrases such as 'um' to allow him time to think as he is reluctant to answer the question.
Watch the All Ireland Final half time analysis for some NON Turn Taking from Joe Brolly!
At 3:35 lance uses digression when Oprah asks him "why tell the truth now" and he says " i don't have a good answer for that" and also when she asks him about how professional the doping program was he uses filler( stammering at 7:17)
2:49 lance asks a rhetorical question to try and lighten the mood/atmosphere when Oprah asks "so when did you first start doping". He also uses fillers such as 'eh' throughout the interview to allow him time to think.
2:51 this is when Lance Armstrong started to use fillers.Fillers are words that Lance Armstrong uses so that he can think of his answers. This is to ensure his answer doesn't reveal too much and so that he can think carefully of every word before he says it. "Um, hmm and you know, " are all examples of fillers.
6.38: Lance uses legitimation by saying everybody else had access to the drugs he was using.
7.20 Address- Lance says "Oprah it wasn't" to try and find sympathy from her.
Oprah starts with a formal address and carries it throughout the interview. Fillers from Lance start at 2:51 with ‘umm’ and ‘ahh.’ He continues to use fillers variously in the interview. 3:15 Oprah uses intonation. Her voice becomes stronger and sterner as she says, “You blazingly and defiantly denied everything you just admitted.” 4:24 3:36 feedback from Oprah such as “Mmm”. 5:13 Oprah uses imagery and a rhetorical question, “But didn’t you help paint that picture?” At 5:47 lance uses legitimation by saying that he could not handle the media and fans, which is why he used drugs. At 7:23 lance uses emotive vocabulary by saying ‘Oprah it wasn’t.” He tried to provoke an emotional response from her and gain sympathy.
Oprah uses feedback by using sounds like 'mmm' to persuade lance to continue talking to get more information out of him. 4mins 35secs. Also sorry sir for the late comment, had a wedding all this weekend! Hope you aren't sleeping haha
5.12 Lance uses fillers as he's allowing himself time to think about what to say next, he also stutters while using these fillers as he's a wee but under pressure. Just realised I done mine wrong sir
Not to worry Zoe, much better though! How many people are left to add a comment? 10pm is the cut off as it is a school night. #bedtime
1:11- Address is used "I told her to go where ever she wants, her meaning me"
1:19- Coercion is used "I told her to go where ever she wants, her meaning me. I'll answer the questions directly, honestly and candidly. Those are your words?"
1:52- Turn taking is used "Let's start with the questions people around the world have been waiting for you to answer, and for now I would just like a yes or a no" There are a series of closed questions asked following this which need no elaboration just a monosyllable answers (yes/no)
1:59-Pauses are used. Oprah leaves a small gap between each question every time she receives an answer.
2:35-Feedback is used. Oprah asks Armstrong to elaborate on his opinion. She asks "In your opinion do you think it is humanly possible to win the Tour De France without doping, seven times in a row?"
2:52-Intonation is used. Armstrong breaks the tension by asking "Are we done with the yes and nos?" Then he proceeds to laugh after he says this. The tone of voice changes within this period of time.
2:54- Legitimization is used. He self-justifies his usage of "cordizone" and "E.P.O".
3:17-Again Coercion is used. Oprah states "For thirteen years you didnt just deny it, you braisentley and defiantly everything you just admitted"
3:27- A hedge is used. Armstrong quotes after being challenged about his dope usage "That's the best question, it's the most logical question" - He does this to soften the mood of the dialogue slightly.
3:27- Digression is used. Armstrong quotes "That's the best question, it's the most logical question"- He does this to get out of the 'spotlight'.
3:35- Legitimization is used, Armstrong states "I don't have a great answer but, it's too late. It's too late for umm, probably most people."
3:39- A filler is used. "It's too late for *UMM*, probably most people."
4:00- Emotive language is used. Armstrong quotes "I view this situation as one big lie." He is trying to gain sympathy by admitting guilt.
4:07- Coercion is used. Oprah states "You were defiant, you called other people liars!" Armstrong then proceeds to elaborate and Oprah interrupts him.
4:20- A filler is used. Armstrong hesitates when explaining his actions, he puts his hand over his mouth and says "umm"
4:54- Intonation is used. Armstrong goes from a soft explanation to a sorrowful, sympathetic tone.
5:24- Intonation is used. Armstrong goes from explaining to 'taking the blame' as so to speak. He justifies his actions (legitimization).
6:25- Legitimization- "I didn't event the culture, but I didn't try to stop the culture."
7:11-Self justification. Armstrong is asked did he think his 'doping program' was the most successful cycling had ever seen and he disagrees, this is him, once again trying to get rid of the 'spotlight'.
7:23- Address. Armstrong calls Oprah by name. This shows us he is serious and that he knows what he has done. It also tells us that he is sorry for what he done.
7:51- Digression. Armstrong moves the 'spotlight' onto the East-German doping program.
9:01- Feedback. Oprah asks Armstrong what he thought about the riders who were 'riding clean' and his opinion on them.
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